Summarize the article (What is the purpose of the experiment? Who are the participants? What is measured; How is that “what” measured? What are the Findings & Conclusions?).

1. Read the article:

Bechara, A., Damasio, H., Tranel, D., & Damasio, A. R. (1997). Deciding advantageously before knowing the advantageous strategy (I will attach the article
)advantageous strategy. Science, 275(5304), 1293-1295. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.275.5304.1293

2. Summarize the article (What is the purpose of the experiment? Who are the participants? What is measured; How is that “what” measured? What are the Findings & Conclusions?).

3. Compare and contrast the nonconscious thinking approach to information-processing discussed in the article by Bechara et al. (1997) with the critical thinking approaches addressed in the first two modules in this course with specific attention to the Six Core Critical Thinking Skills (Facione & Gittens, 2016, p. 34). Please select a minimum of two of these six core critical thinking skills to compare and contrast with the nonconscious thinking approach discussed in the assigned article. Discuss the differences and similarities between each skill and the unconscious thinking approach.

For example, compare and contrast nonconscious thinking with the core critical thinking skill of self-regulation; compare and contrast nonconscious thinking with the core critical thinking skill of evaluation.

4. Explain how one can reconcile these two approaches to problem-solving in one’s quest to become a strong critical thinker and adept truth-seeker. Describe the value of each of these information processing methods (nonconscious thinking and critical thinking). Explain how these strategies may work together to facilitate effective thinking.

5. Cite at least one other peer-reviewed, scholarly article in generating your argument. This source is NOT to be cited in your article summary section. You must cite the Bechara et al. (1997) source and our course textbook along with this secondary source.

6. Be mindful of grammar and writing mechanics. The paper should be a minimum of 800 words (this word count DOES NOT include your reference section or cover page), and meet the standards of APA style. You may find the attached template to be helpful in constructing an APA-styled paper.

REVIEW to guide to writing a psychology paper provided in the link above this assignment. DO NOT write in the 1st or 2nd person (i.e., no “I”, “We”, “You”, etc.) – formal writing is completed in the 3rd person. Third-person point of view uses proper nouns (such as given name, “John Smith”) or nouns (such as researchers, participants, one, etc.) or pronouns (such as “they”).In general, formal academic writing discourages the use of first and second person as it makes writing present as less objective.

Please also remember to avoid direct quotes. You are to paraphrase content and cite the paraphrased content in APA format. For more on this topic, please see the formatting and paper writing guide resources provided.

And, please remember to always include an introduction and a conclusion in all formal writing assignments.

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