Predicting Suicide

You must answer each of the questions below, using complete sentences as well as proper spelling, grammar, punctuation and use of terminology. In other words, follow the writing rules given in the START HERE folder. Only use pronouns when it is absolutely clear the noun to which you are referring.

Read this article
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2771929 (Links to an external site.)

Now, use a complete sentence to answer each one of the following questions (using definitions from the lecture notes and terms list).
If you need to review how to handle such a research study, watch this video again.

https://youtu.be/A5c-9KSIh8M (Links to an external site.)

1. Would you describe the U.S. suicide rate as
-decreasing for all ages and ethnicities
-remaining stable among all ages and ethnicities
-increasing for all ages, geographical areas, and both sexes
-increasing for urban dwellers and women, but decreasing for men living in rural areas
(Make sure you have a complete sentence explaining why your selection is the correct answer.)

2. This was a study of “all mental health encounters at Kaiser Permanente Northern California from October 1, 2016, to September 30, 2017.” Would these instances constitute a case study, the trace sample, or the group being studied? Explain in a sentence in which you refer to the proper definition of the term you select.

3. This study claims to be a “cohort study” but what cohort was it studying? Explain how you came to that conclusion
Gen Y only
Gen Z only
Gen Y vs. Gen Z
A cohort based time of hospital visits, not on age

4. What kind of variable was whether or not the patient attempted suicide: constant, negative, positive, criterion, independent, manipulated, background factor, spurious, unethical? Explain in a complete sentence.

5. What was the operational definition of suicidality? Explain in a complete sentence.
-coroner’s verdict that death was a suicide
-attempting suicide within 90 days of a visit to a clinic
-patient scoring high on the Kaiser-Brink suicidality scale
-clinical assessment of suicidal risk based upon the DSM-5

6. What kind of variable was the patients’ age: constant, criterion, confounding, spurious, unethical, dependent, outcome, manipulated, background factor? Explain in a complete sentence.

7. What kind of variable was the patients’ ethnicity: constant, criterion, spurious, unethical, dependent, outcome, manipulated, confounding, background factor? Explain in a complete sentence.

8. What kind of variable was the patients’ sex: constant, criterion, spurious, unethical, dependent, outcome, manipulated, confounding, background factor? Explain in a complete sentence.

9. What kind of variable was whether or not the patient was covered by Medicare: constant, criterion, dependent, outcome, manipulated, spurious, unethical, confounding, background factor? Explain in a complete sentence.

10. The conclusion was “The findings of this cohort study suggest that suicide risk models can accurately stratify risk but will generate additional workload for clinicians.” Accurate is a vague term that you should not be used in this class. Here, does the term pertain to the study’s validity or reliability? Explain

11. When it comes to predicting suicide, what is a false positive? What is the problem (for clinicians) when a patient is a false positive? explain

12. When it comes to predicting suicide, what is a false negative? What is the problem (for clinicians) when a patient is a false negative? explain

If you need to review what are false negatives and false positives, watch this video again.

https://youtu.be/swwnbNurmTo (Links to an external site.)

Now, go back and review what you have written, checking for errors in spelling, grammar, and punctuation. Make sure that you have avoided vague or inappropriate terminology, such as
mature, maturity, maturation, immature
mindset
mentality
positive (used to mean “good”)
negative (used to mean “bad”)
issues
opinion
I feel that
It is said that

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