Discuss how the leaders of these countries (Sukarno and Nehru OR Mao and Park Chung-hee) imagined and established their nation and how the idea of nation is being re-imagined by the leaders of these countries today.

The essay question is based on your reading of the two chapters (The Idea of Nation and Contemporary Culture Wars and National Identity) from Jeff Kingstons book Nationalism in Asia: A History since 1945. The author discusses the idea of nation and explains how nations were imagined and established by the leaders in the five focused countries of Asia: Japan, China, South Korea, Indonesia, and India and how in the 21st century the leaders/regimes have re-imagined or are re-imagining the nation. Focusing on China and South Korea OR Indonesia and India, how the nation was imagined in the early postcolonial period by Mao Zedong and Park Chung-hee OR Sukarno and Nehru and how the re-imagining of nation by the leaders in these countries in the last two decades or so has challenged the vision and ideas of the nations founders (Mao Zedong, Park Chung-hee, Sukarno, and Nehru).

Essay question:

Using Indonesia and India OR China and South Korea as case studies, discuss how the leaders of these countries (Sukarno and Nehru OR Mao and Park Chung-hee) imagined and established their nation and how the idea of nation is being re-imagined by the leaders of these countries today.