Why did women become such a large element in the reform movements of the 1840s and 1850s?

Why did women become such a large element in the reform movements of the 1840s and 1850s? How did their role as moral guardians evolve, and what were the priorities that women pursued in campaigning for reform in education, temperance, and prisons? What were the accomplishments of women and in what areas was their impact very limited? Illustrate your answers with specific examples

Paper should include intro, thesis, supporting paragraphs, and conclusion