What is coding in a qualitative study?

The Professor is asking a question about order #561082160. The Professor asked: What is coding in a qualitative study?
Please reply to the question and reference the course text material. Use scholarly sources (other than the assigned course text). The response should demonstrate the application of theory, law, policy, practice, and/or scholarly literature. Please check for the correct use of APA formatting, in-text citations and grammatical errors.

COURSE MATERIALS:
Title: Research in Criminal Justice and Criminology (8th ed.) Author: Maxfield, M.G. & Babbie, E. R.
Publisher: Cengage
Year Published: 2018
ISBN: 9781433805615