What are the central concepts of the Classical school of criminology as contrasted to the Positivist Schools?

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Question #1
What are the central concepts of the Classical school of criminology as contrasted to the Positivist Schools?

Question #2
Apply psychological explanations for criminal behavior from a variety of disciplines. In one paragraph, explain Kohlbergs Moral Development Theory

Question #3
Understand sociological explanations of delinquent and criminal behavior. In one paragraph, compare and contrast Robert Mertons Strain Theory to Sutherlands Differential Association Theory.

Question #4
Apply economic explanations for criminal behavior from a variety of disciplines. In one short paragraph, explain Rational Choice Theory.