Reflect back on your original definition (below) of health and homeostasis and answer the following questions in at least four paragraphs: What is the relationship between health, human rights, and global inequities? What role do nurses play in promoting health and addressing inequities? Also, what role do you as a nurse play in promoting health to individuals suffering from several comorbidities? Identify patient education opportunities that are available for these individuals.
original definition: Health can be described as a resource that supports a person’s function in society. It defines the state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not just a lack of disease. The optimal state of health can be achieved through healthcare. People need good health to live a stress-free and longer life. The overall well-being of a human being is determined by spiritual, emotional, and financial health. People can maintain health by living a healthy lifestyle.
One of the major causes of poor health is diseases. Diseases are mainly caused by infections or injuries. However, a lot of diseases are caused by the failure of normal homeostasis. The aging of an organism results in weak feedback loops creating an unstable internal environment. Due to the lack of homeostasis, the risk of illness increases. Free radicals include stimuli responsible for the reversible and irreversible cellular injury. The biochemical reactions in the body generate free radicals (Pomatto & Davies, 2018). These substances can be found in the water, air, medications, and food. Free radicals steal electrons from different parts of the cells, including proteins and DNA. As a result, these cells cannot function normally. If this damage is not fixed, the cell may die. When the production of free radicals increases, nerve cell injury is stimulated, leading to disease.
Nutritional imbalances like a deficiency in protein-calorie are a major cause of cell injury. Additionally, undernutrition and overnutrition contribute to numerous diseases. For instance, diabetes is linked to obesity. Chemical agents such as glucose also affect electrolyte balance in cells leading to their death. Other chemical agents that cause cell injuries include excess levels of oxygen and arsenic or cyanide. Such agents kill cells within minutes. Polluted water, air, or food introduces chemicals and toxins to the body. When the toxin levels go up, they poison the cells. These toxins interrupt the homeostasis of cells, and the body may fix or worsen the problem (Ghio et al., 2020). Factors such as lifestyle choices and environmental exposure influence how the body maintains homeostatic balance.
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